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Accounting

Accountants are skilled in the practice of accounting, which entails maintaining accurate financial records for businesses, individuals or trusts. Accountants help their clients in the preparation and verification of any financial paperwork and also help with budgeting and future investments.

Accountants are also used as internal auditors by companies to investigate fraud by employees, this in turn helps both legally and to create a more profitable business. Another interesting field is forensic accounting where they investigate white collar crimes, bankruptcy fraud etc.

A love for mathematics, English and computers will aid anyone interested in becoming an accountant. Accounting also allows you the unique opportunity to start your own accounting firm where you work for yourself.

Accounting Qualifications

The minimum requirement to become an accountant is to obtain a bachelors degree in accounting. To become a Chartered Accountant you need to obtain a bachelors degree in accounting or an equivalent CA(SA) undergraduate qualification as a start . Then you will be required to obtain a 1 year CTA course at a Saica accredited university that covers accounting, auditing, taxation and financial management. After you receive your CTA certificate you can then enter a three year learnership  to specialize in either auditing or financial management.

For more on how to become a Chartered Accountant visit Saica

Resources

Salary Expectations

Ordinary Accountants can expect a salary between R70 000 and R300 000 per year.

Chartered Accountants can expect a salary between R130 000 and R800 000 per year.

Top 5 Employers

  • PriceWaterHouseCoopers
  • KPMG Consulting
  • Ernst & Young
  • Deloitte
  • First National Bank
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Mechanical Engineers and Technologists

Mechanical engineers design, manufacture, install and service mechanical components used in industry. Important industries that require the services of mechanical engineers are the manufacturing, power production, transport and medical industries.

Mechanical Engineer Typical Duties

  • Improving manufacturing processes and planning to help manufacturing companies work more efficiently
  • Implement the upgrading of mechanical components and systems in industry by researching and designing better alternatives
  • Mechanical engineers are used also in pure researching roles to discover new methods and technologies for industries

Mechanical engineers work in various environments, from organised drawing offices to mining sites. The work varies and the engineer is expected to adapt and to make use of sound engineering principles to perform at a high standard.

People that love solving problems, mathematics and science will find mechanical engineering to be both exciting and a challenge.

Qualifications

Two paths can be taken to become a mechanical engineer

  • You can go to university and obtain a bachelors degree in mechanical engineering which takes four years to complete.
  • You can go to technikon and obtain a bachelors degree in mechanical technology which takes a total of four years to complete.

The difference in the two being that the university student will be labelled engineer and the technikon student a technologist. The university degree is also perceived to be of more value thus engineers are given higher profile jobs than technologists.

Resources

Salary Expectations

Mechanical Engineers can expect a salary between R120 000 and R500 000 per year.

Mechanical Technologists can expect a salary between R70 000 and R350 000 per year.

Top 5 Employers

  • Arcelor Mittal
  • Hatch
  • BHP Billiton
  • Unilever
  • Transnet
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Interior Designing

Interior designers design and furnish the interiors of residential and commercial properties or buildings. The designer uses colors, textures, furniture and light to create a living space that is both functional and aesthetically pleasing.

Interior Designers Typical Duties

  • The designer is responsible for studying the interior and formulating a plan or proposal to achieve the clients desired result
  • Interior designers are also required to keep a financial budget and to draw up estimates for the clients
  • Interior designers are required to keep abreast of new trends and developments in design
  • Any subcontracting work done by painters, renovators etc, must be managed by the designer
  • Designers are required to render their ideas by either mock ups or drawings to effectively communicate their ideas

Interior designing is largely a creative occupation but the requirements for good financial control and management remain vital to succeed in this field. Interior designers must be great communicators and must also have a love for working with people.

Resources

Qualifications

Interior designing can be studied at numerous higher learning institutions across South Africa. Learners have an option of either studying a Bachelors degree in Arts degree specializing in Interior Design or a three year diploma in Interior designing.

Two great sources are the BHC School of Design and the Design School of Southern Africa

Salary Expectations

Interior Designers can expect a salary between R60 000 and R220 000 per year. This is only an estimate as designers can be paid large salaries depending on their reputation in the market.

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Economist

Economists provide the corporate sector with valuable financial advice by studying data, statistics and world trends. They do considerably amounts of research before applying economic theory to that data and only then would they give a forecast on future trends for business.

This skill is also required by governments as they need the input of economists in making policies and financial decisions. Economists can also specialize in fields such as taxation, interest rates, employment data and numerous other areas.

Typical Economist Duties

  • Acquiring economic data and interpreting that data to provide forecasts and proposals
  • Writing economical reports
  • Researching economical models and how they apply to our world
  • Conducting presentations

An economist must have a love for both Mathematics and English to succeed.

Qualifications

The primary route to becoming an economist is by studying a Bachelors of Commerce in Economics. There are many fields to specialize in such as microeconomics,  labour, monetary and macroeconomics to name a few.

Most Recognized higher learning institutions offer the Bcom degree in economics and Unisa  offers a distance learning option

Resources

Salary Expectations

Economists can expect a salary between R70 000 and R600 000 per year.

Top 5 Employers

  • The Department of Trade and Industry
  • South African Reserve Bank
  • Old Mutual
  • Standard Bank
  • The Johannesburg Stock Exchange
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Sound Engineer

Sound engineers operate and manipulate sound technical equipment to record music, vocals and sound effects for producers and musicians. Engineers are also used extensively in live events such as concerts, theaters and in television.

Sound Engineers Typical Duties

  • Sound engineers liaise with musicians and producers to achieve the desired sound quality
  • They record music, vocals, speech and sound effects on recording equipment
  • They manipulate recorded sound by mixing, synchronizing, equalizing and regulating sound characteristics
  • Setup studios and sound equipment

Sound engineers are extremely tech savvy as the software and equipment used in studios tend to be intricate and expensive. Thus anyone that wants to pursue this field should have a love for both music and technology.

Resources

Qualifications

Sound engineers generally complete a sound engineering diploma from recognized colleges and academies. The courses cover many different topics such as music production, audio technology and a higher diploma is also offered.

Salary Expectations

Sound engineer salaries vary and are largely dependent on the engineers industry and talent.

Image Kindly Provided by Efffective

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Quantity Surveying

Quantity Surveyors are used primarily in the building industry. Their main job function is to determine, monitor and manage all funds and resources related to a specific building project. Quantity surveyors thus save companies huge amounts of money and time by minimizing costs and maintaining industry standards.

Quantity Surveyors usually put in long hours due to the deadline driven world of building projects. Most of this time would be spent in the office but site inspections are done on a frequent basis to ascertain job progress. Surveyors also tend to do freelance consulting work as opposed to working for a single employer, this can be financially liberating and allow the surveyor more flexibility.

People that thrive under project based work that includes continual communication will thoroughly enjoy working as a quantity surveyor. Other important characteristics required are problem solving, presentation skills and the ability to handle large projects.

quantity surveyor

Typical Duties for Quantity Surveyors

  • Preparing Feasibility reports for companies
  • Contributing to Tender proposals by specifying material quantities, availablilty and costing considerations
  • Advising on Health and Safety considerations
  • Coordinating site work
  • Producing cost analysis reports on new projects, repairs and maintenance procedures
  • Liaising with subcontractors
  • Providing clients with detailed reports and presentations
  • Offering additional advice on property tax and related legal considerations

Qualifications

Students are advised to study Quantity SurveyingConstruction or Civil Engineering to get into the field. Most Universities, Technikons and Colleges offer courses for either of the three career paths. It’s important to note that studying construction or civil engineering will give the surveyor more insight into the technical part of the building industry.

Resources

Heres a cool vid of a Trainee Quantity Surveyor and her experiences in a typically male dominated area.

Salary Expectations

Junior Quantity Surveyors can expect a salary between R90 000 and R600 000 per year.

Senior Quantity Surveyors can expect a salary between R250 000 and R900 000 per year.

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Au Pair

Do you love travelling, learning new languages and discovering different cultures?

If yes, wouldn’t it be perfect if you could do this for free…. welcome to Au-pairing. Many people have taken the once in a lifetime opportunity to Au pair abroad. Destinations are typically the United States of America or Europe.

Au pairs are generally hired by wealthy parents to act as a caregiver to their children. These parents appreciate and value the cultural diversity in society and hence want their children to experience different cultures. Other benefits for the parents are potentially lower costs and also the convenience of having a caregiver present around the clock.

Benefits for the Au pair are numerous. All living expenses such as rent (if not stay in), food and other amenities are taken care of by the parents. Au pairs will also be offered language lessons by the parents at no cost, to help communication and as a perk. On top of all this is a salary that can be used either to travel in free time or to save.

Typical Duties of an Au pair

  • Daily care giving
  • Driving kids to school, extramural activities etc
  • Basic Housework
  • Cooking meals for the children
  • Running errands for the family

An Au pair must be flexible and accommodating. The best attitude to adopt is to think of yourself as a family member, this will not only make the experience easier but also help in developing a close relationship with the family.

Qualifications

There are generally two requirements to qualify as an Au pair.

An Au pair must at least have a matric certificate or an equivalent qualification to be considered. Age also plays an important role, as parents are typically looking for someone that is single, with no children and between the ages of 18 and 26.

These requirements are very easily met by most matriculants.

Resources

Salary Expectations

Au pairs can expect a salary between R60 000 and R150 000 per year. This varies and is dependent on your employer and the country. Most Au pairs are freshly matriculated and looking for adventure, so the relatively low salary does not put them off.

Please just be careful as human trafficking is a real danger, especially for young women in foreign countries far away from home.

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Ecologist


Ecologists are the superheroes of our ecosystem.

They study the interaction between our environment and all the organisms that live within or affect that environment. The aim of all their research is to help us make better decisions for the environments we live in. This benefits humans, animals and mother nature and keeps our ecosystems in good order.

Ecology is tied to Biology or Life Sciences and most individuals that excel in the field have a natural fascination in nature.

Ecologists have recently become more popular due to numerous problems in our global ecosystem. Global warming and weird phenomenon have urged Governments to take a tougher stance on individuals and companies who exploit our planet. Ecologists are typically hired to investigate the culprits or by companies to avoid problems.

Thus ecologists play an important part in decision making for our Governments and Companies.

Job opportunities are set to increase in the field with a large number of different working positions available. Ecologists are employed all over the globe and tend to travel extensively. Their work also tends to be varied which makes ecology an ideal field for people that get bored easily 🙂

So if you love nature  and observing how it works and changes then ecology could be for you. Their is a misconception that most ecologists are more inclined to the political side of the field but a love for nature is the cornerstone of every successful ecologist.

Typical Duties for Ecologists

  • Conduct Research (Out in the field or purely academic)
  • Analyzing Data
  • Compiling Reports
  • Consulting Communities, Companies and Governments on best practices
  • Public Speaking

Qualifications

Matric students are strongly recommended to study Mathematics, Physical Science and Life Sciences.

ecologist

Most ecologists do one of the following Bsc Degrees

  • Ecology
  • Botany
  • Zoology
  • Microbiology
  • Geology

Senior Ecology positions require a Masters or Doctorate degree in one of the above mentioned fields.

Salary Expectations

Junior Ecologists can expect a salary between 240 000 and 560 000 per year

Senior Ecologists can expect a salary between 320 000 and 720 000 per year

Employers

  • Research Organizations
  • Government
  • Companies that deal primarily with nature such as mining and chemical companies
  • Wildlife Parks